The following resources and literature were all cited throughout Libraries as Partners’ narrative when applying for IMLS funding support and were key to the project’s development. Many resources highlight the services that libraries have provided their communities during a range of emergencies including the opioid crisis, natural disasters, COVID-19, gun violence, and others. Resources on Team Cognitive Work Analysis (TeamCWA) and Targeted Universalism contributed to the inclusion of these methods in the project’s work plan. Other resources describe the importance of partnership from a variety of organizations such as the United Nations and World Health Organization, while others provide recent library statistics and information on social vulnerability and the importance of libraries to underserved and marginalized groups.

Explore these resources to further understand Libraries as Partners’ justification and the frameworks of this project.

Allen, S., et al. (2019). ‘Public libraries respond to the opioid crisis with their communities: summary report.’ OCLC.

American Library Association. (2021). ‘The state of America’s libraries 2021: a report from the American Library Association.’

American Library Association. (2023). Library statistics and figures: the nation’s largest public libraries. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).

Ashoori, A., and Burns, C. (2013). ‘Team cognitive work analysis: structure and control tasks.’ Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 7(2), pp. 123-140. doi: 10.1177/1555343412445577

Cattermole-Terzic, V., & Horberry, T. (2019). ‘Improving traffic incident management using team cognitive work analysis.’ Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 14(2), pp. 152-173.

Centers for Disease Control. (2017). Building partnerships. Available at: (Accessed 24 February 2023).

Charney, R., Spencer, A., & Tao, D. (2021). ‘A novel partnership between physicians and medical librarians during the Covid-19 pandemic.’ Medical Reference Services Quarterly, 40(1), pp. 48-55. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2021.1873617

Durugbo, C. (2012). ‘Work domain analysis for enhancing collaborations: a study of the management of microsystems design.’ Ergonomics, 55(6), pp. 603-620.

Flanagan, B., et al. (2011). ‘A social vulnerability index for disaster management.’ Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, 8(1). doi: 10.2202/1547-7355.1792.

Hagar, C. (2013). ‘Public library response to natural disasters: a ‘whole community approach.’’ San José State University School of Information. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).

Hagar, C. (2015). ‘Public library partnerships with local agencies to meet community disaster preparedness and response needs.’ 12th International Conference of the Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 24-27 May. Proceedings of the ISCRAM 2015 Conference.

Hajdukiewicz J., et al. (2001). ‘Modeling a medical environment: an ontology for integrated medical informatics design.’ International Journal of Medical Information, 62(1), pp. 79-99.

Horrigan, J. (2015). ‘Chapter 1: who uses libraries and what they do at their libraries.’ Libraries at the Crossroads, Pew Research Center.

Institute of Museum and Library Services. (2019). ‘Public libraries survey.’ Available at:

LibLime. (2022). Library of hope and healing: Uvalde. Available at: (Accessed 26 January 2023).

Naikar N., Moylan A., & Pearce B. (2006). ‘Analyzing activity in complex systems with cognitive work analysis: concepts, guidelines, and case study for control task analysis.’ Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 7(4), pp. 371-394.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2022). EMS collaboration with public safety, emergency management & health disciplines. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).

Patin, B. (2020). ‘What is essential?: understanding community resilience and public libraries in the United States during disasters.’ Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 57(1).

Peet, L. (2018). ‘California libraries reopen, respond to wildfires.’ Library Journal. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).

Powell, J. Menendian, S., & Ake, W. (2022). ‘Targeted universalism: policy & practice.’ Othering & Belonging Institute at the University of California Berkeley.

Smith, M. (2019). ‘Top ten challenges facing public libraries.’ Public Library Quarterly, 38(3), pp. 241-247. doi:10.1080/01616846.2019.1608617. 

Stricker, M. (2019). ‘Ports in a storm: the role of the public library in times of crisis.’ Collaborative Librarianship, 11(1), pp. 11-16.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2023). Working with partners on emergency preparedness and response. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).

Young, P. (2020). ‘Libraries as public health partners in times of crisis.’ Delaware Journal of Public Health, 6(4), pp. 24-25. doi: 10.32481/djph.2020.09.009

World Health Organization. (2023). Strengthening partnerships for emergencies. Available at: (Accessed: 24 February 2023).